The early Vedic sages were renowned mathematicians and in fact invented our number system. 108 was definitely the number of choice for this simple reason: 108 represents the whole of existence. Here's some interesting reasons why:
- The number 9 represents wholeness and 108 when added together equals 9. 1+0+8 = 9. Interestingly, if you multiply 9 times ANY number, the answer is always 9 when you add the numbers together. Try it! 1x9=9. 2x9=18. 1+8=9. 285x9=2565 2+5+6+5=18 1+8=9. 8543x9=76887 7+6+8+8+7=36 3+6=9 The logic behind this is that 9 represents wholeness or God and God times anything is always God since God is all there is!
- The 9 planets travelling through the 12 signs constitutes the whole of existence. 9 x 12 = 108
- The 27 nakshatras or lunar constellations each have 4 padas or parts. The 27 nakshatras are also spread over the 4 elements - fire, earth, air, water. This also constitutes the whole of existence. 27 x 4 = 108
- Consider the powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math: 1 to 1st power = 1; 2 to 2nd power = 4 (2x2); 3 to 3rd power = 27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27 = 108. The logic behind this is that 1 represents 1 dimensional reality, 2 represents 2 dimensional reality, 3 represents 3 dimensional reality. When you multiply their powers together then you encompass the whole of existence.
- The universe is made up of 108 elements according to ancient texts. The current periodic table claims a few more than 108.
- The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the earth (give or take a few miles).
- The average distance from the earth to the Sun is equivalent to 108 Sun's in a row (give or take a few miles).
- The average distance from the earth to the Moon is equivalent to 108 Moon's in a row (give or take a few miles).